Tag Archives: application

8 Brilliant Tips for Developing the Applications for Internet of Things

Important Tips for Developing the Application for the Internet of Things_YWF

Before we go deeper with IoT, it is imperative to understand what Internet of Things (IoT) actually is. Basically, a platform enables the network, the smart device and user to get connected with the internet via a definite identifier. In general, IoT works on an embedded technology to communicate with all external environments. No wonder this thing has been seen as one of the revolutionary mobile app development trends in this generation, as it can manage everything right from an array of cohesive events to number of interconnected devices.

In fact, many have predicted that 2 billion devices will get connected to IOT by 2020, whereas the next five years $6 trillion is expected to be invested in IoT. This shows that Internet of Things have influenced a diverse set of industries to speak of, including the healthcare sector, the entertainment and gaming, automotive, home automation, and logistics. This is why IoT has a great potential in the future.

The Three Pillars of IoT

There are three major pillars which are important to note, regarding to the entire structure of the Internet of Things, such as:

  • Network: Generally network will perform similar function like router does in connecting the network to device. In this case, the devices are linked to the cloud. The infrastructure stationed at data centers will receive information. The things provide the data stream and also manage it. On the other hand, software helps to organize the things.
  • The things in themselves: it acts as Internet Gateway which is regarded as an Internet Gateway that helps other device communication through a single or many protocols. In fact, you won’t see a screen once the device gets connected to the network.
  • The cloud: it is a server that primarily aims for securing users confidential data. So, when users meet a critical juncture, the data will still get processed whereas the processing of a program usually happens during the concluding stages.

Tips for Developing Applications for IoT

Now, you have a better understanding about IoT and you may have lots of apps for the Internet of Things in mind. However, before you create one, you may want to know some factors that you can use as consideration, such as:

  1. Choose an Appropriate and Convenient Platform

The first step that every developer should do is to select the appropriate platform for the development process. One thing for sure, the platform should support the IoT applications and its components. Some platforms that are IoT proven and offer the scope to design the best in class apps are Ubidots, Xively or Thingworx. With the help of these platforms, you don’t have to start anything from the beginning.

  1. Consider the Industry for IoT Application

As stated above that Internet of Things has much widened and extended services, but there are still some fields that aren’t connected with Internet of Things. Therefore, you have to discover set of industries that can optimally connected such as healthcare, transportation, energy resources, sports, manufacturing etc. For instance, with IoT application, people can easily find transportation such as connecting buses or trains.

  1. Segregate Services from API Interface

Bear in mind that you need to separate the services from API interface while you are developing the apps for IoT. This will ensure you to have an app that runs smoothly on mobile and web desktop. You will surely get better opportunity once you manage your IoT applications well.

  1. IoT Data must be Secured Strongly

Every application developer knows about how important a strong secured environment is, especially to IoT data from the physical attacks. In fact, the security becomes more important when it comes to building GPS networks or banking apps.

  1. The Different Levels of IoT Apps

In order to understand the system and function of IoT applications, you have to know the various levels of IoT applications. Basically, there are four different layers; the devices, the ingestion tier, the analytics area and the end-user.

First of all, you have to consider the devices that you will be connecting. Then, you will see the infrastructure or the software receives data or organizes it. The next layer is all about data which actually is mainly processed with the help of analytics area. The last layer is about the end users for whom the app is getting developed.

  1. Keep an Eye on IoT Device Firmware Security

The difference between the Internet of Things from the traditional web and mobile apps is its hardware which is always apprehended to have security based issues in the firmware this is why it is essential to stay authenticated and signed before the update.

  1. Do not Neglect with Speed and Quality

You cannot comprise with the speed and quality at any cost when creating application for the IoT. Therefore, you have to focus on transforming the ideas into practice and provide stable working prototype.

  1. Ensure Scalability to the Application

It is important to build scalable applications since IoT is still a new concept. However, many believe that IoT is going to get bigger than ever with the time to arrive. In fact, having a good scalability will allow your app to remain in light for a long period of time.

In conclusion

Internet of Things is still considered as new comer in the technological area, but we will immediately see it is expanding and reached to a different height. This will surely help people access information easily and get connected one to each other at a  low price. On the other hand, it is also a challenge for the developers as it is different from other conventional methods.

Reasons Why Mobile App Maintenance is Very Important

The-Importance-of-Mobile-App-Maintenance_ywf

It is common among the app developers that an app should be maintained regularly. Just think about it, the two most popular Mobile Operating Systems, like Android and iOS keep upgrading their app version. Then, how can your app  survive if you don’t keep it up to date? Figure out the importance of maintaining the mobile apps, in the paragraph below. You will be astonished to find how important it is for your business.

Getting the Latest Versions of the Operating Systems

Both, Android and Apple keep updating their Operating Systems at regular basis whenever there is advancement in the technology. This is because a number of apps will stop operating on new versions that does not support them. For instance, Apple recently launched the iOS 11 version and as usual, apps working with iOS did not operate in the new version. Even Android has launched the Android 8 of which the OS gets updated once in a year. Therefore, as a solution, you should try to provide the proactive audit to the users when the beta version is made available.  Your developer should have a discussion as to what changes should be made in the app. This works as an attempt to maintain the app rather than lose the users.

In the Long Run Provide Financial Benefits

No matter how hard you try, it seems impossible to create a perfect and flawless app. This is why we need maintenance, for it will save the initial expenditure cost, then implementing the maintenance plan becomes necessary. In other words, you are updating the app timely and not incorporating the unnecessary features. Besides, you can monitor the apps in the proactive manner rather than reactive way which will bring in less technical issue.

The Improvement in Software Libraries

Software libraries is a well acquainted software in app development business. It is a prewritten code, configurations, and routines and the developers update or improve it. However, most apps do not have software libraries and when ones have; they must be completely up to date.

Offers an Updated User Interface (UI)

Mobile app is a thing that keeps changing rapidly. This is why the user interface of the mobile app should always be updated and advanced. Things that look cool a couple of years back, won’t have the same value in the present time. It should have a more sophisticated look. Now you can get all these pros if you are maintaining your app. The main point is, since manufacturers often produce different mobile phone size, so UI must be designed in accordance with the size of the phone.

Getting a Better User Experience (UX)

According to some studies, app maintenance has played a crucial role in generating more traffic and higher ratings from the users. Therefore, to get more audience and be on the top, then user experience becomes more than important. In fact, knowing that your app is highly maintained, will inform whether people will download your app or not.

 Allows Regular App Monitoring

Personalized app monitoring is very important, especially in this very competitive market. It becomes all the more vital in cases where the companies do not have sufficient resources to undertake the maintenance work. Therefore, they need the support of an external mobile app partner that can help them in this task. By doing the app monitoring, you can include all the four types of maintenance namely adaptive, corrective, emergency and perfective. Remember to monitor your app at regular intervals if your app is functioning efficiently and make sure that it remains bug free.

It is clear to see that the only way to keep your app on top is by providing a good maintenance. In fact, a good maintenance will prevent your app from getting uninstalled. This is why the app maintenance should always be your priority.

Json-api-normalizer: Why JSON API and Redux Work Best When Used Together

As a web developer, we have to manage the data needed for every application we work on. There are problems when doing so, such as:

  1. Fetch data from the back end.
  2. Store it somewhere locally in the front-end application.
  3. Retrieve the data from the local store and format it as needed by the specific view or screen.

In this article, we are going to discuss about the data usage from JSON, the JSON API and GraphQL back ends, and from that, we can learn the practical way on how to manage front-end application data. As for the real use, let’s imagine that we have carried out a survey that asks the same questions of many users. After each user has given their answers, other users can comment on them if wanted to. Our web app will perform a request to the back end, store the gathered data in the local store and render the content on the page. In order to make it stay simple, we will leave out the answer-creation flow.

Redux Best Practices

What makes Redux the best is that it is changeable no matter what kind of API you consume. It doesn’t matter whether you change your API from JSON to JSON API or even GraphQL and back during development, as long as you keep your data model, so it will not affect the implementation of your state management. Below is the explanation on the best practice using Redux:

  1. Keep Data Flat in the Redux Store

First, here’s the data model:

 

 

Based on the picture above, we have a question data object that might have many post objects. It is possible that each post might have many comment objects. Each post and comment has respectively one author.

Let’s say we have a back end that returns a specific JSON response. It is possible that it would have a carefully nested structure. If you store your data in the same way you do in the store, you will face many problems after that, like, for instance, you might store the same object many times like this:

{

  “text”: “My Post”,

  “author”: {

    “name”: “Yury”,

    “avatar”: “avatar1.png”

  },

  “comments”: [

    {

      “text”: “Awesome Comment”,

      “author”: {

            “name”: “Yury”,

        “avatar”: “avatar1.png”

      }

    }

  ]

}

In the example above, it indicates that we store the same Author object in several places, which is bad, because not only does it need more memory but it also has negative side effects. You would have to pass the whole state and update all instances of the same object especially if somebody changed the user’s avatar in the back end.

To prevent something like that from happening, we can store the data in a flattened structure. This way, each object would be stored only once and would be easily accessible.

{

  “post”: [{

    “id”: 1,

    “text”: “My Post”,

    “author”: { “id”: 1 },

    “comments”: [ { “id”: 1 } ]

  }],

  “comment”: [{

    “id”: 1,

    “text”: “Awesome Comment”

  }],

  “author”: [{

    “name”: “Yury”,

    “avatar”: “avatar1.png”,

    “id”: 1

  }]

 }

  1. Store Collections as Maps Whenever Possible

After we have the data in a good flat structure, we can gradually accumulate the received data, in order for us to reuse it as a cache, to improve performance or for offline use. However, if we combine new data in the existing storage, we have to select only relevant data objects for the specific view. We can store the structure of each JSON document separately to find out which data objects were provided in a specific request to gain this. There is a list of data object IDs that we can use to gather the data from the storage.

Let’s say there is a list of friends of two different users, Alice and Bob. We will then perform two requests to gather the list and review the contents of our storage consequently. Let’s suppose that from the start the storage is empty.

/ALICE/FRIENDS RESPONSE

Here’s the User data object with an ID of 1 and a name, Mike, like this:

{

  “data”: [{

    “type”: “User”,

    “id”: “1”,

    “attributes”: {

      “name”: “Mike”

    }

  }]

}

/BOB/FRIENDS RESPONSE

This is another request that would return a User with the ID of 2 and Kevin as the name:

{

  “data”: [{

    “type”: “User”,

    “id”: “2”,

    “attributes”: {

      “name”: “Kevin”

    }

  }]

}

STORAGE STATE

This is what our storage state would look like:

{

  “users”: [

    {

      “id”: “1”,

      “name”: “Mike”

    },

    {

        “id”: “2”,

        “name”: “Kevin”

    }

  ]

}

STORAGE STATE WITH META DATA

In order to find out or distinguish which data objects in storage are relevant, we have to keep the structure of the JSON API document. With that focus, we can change it into this:

{

  “users”: [

    {

      “id”: “1”,

      “name”: “Mike”

    },

    {

        “id”: “2”,

        “name”: “Kevin”

    }

  ],

  “meta”: {

      “/alice/friends”: [

        {

          “type”: “User”,

          “id”: “1”

        }

      ],

      “/bob/friends”: [

        {

          “type”: “User”,

          “id”: “2”

        }

      ]

  }

}

With this, we can now read the meta data and gather all mentioned data objects. Now here’s the recap of the operations’ complexities:

As can be seen from the picture above, maps certainly works better than arrays because all operations have O(1) as the complexity instead of O(n). If we use a map instead of an array for the User data object, it would be like this:

STORAGE STATE REVISED

{

  “users”: {

      “1”: {

        “name”: “Mike”

      },

      “2”: {

        “name”: “Kevin”

      }

  },

  “meta”: {

      “/alice/friends”: [

        {

          “type”: “User”,

          “id”: “1”

        }

      ],

      “/bob/friends”: [

        {

          “type”: “User”,

           “id”: “2”

        }

      ]

  }

}

Now with this simple method, we can find a specific user by ID almost instantly.

Processing the Data and JSON API

There are many solutions to convert JSON documents to a Redux-friendly form. However, while there is no significant change within the application’s lifecycle, it will cause a failure if things are too dynamic, even though normalizing the function with the provision of a JSON document works great if your data model is known in advance.

Using GraphQL might be possible and interesting as well; however, if our APIs are being consumed by many third parties, we can’t adopt it.

JSON API and Redux

Redux and the JSON API work best together. The data provided by the JSON API in a flat structure by definition conforms nicely with Redux best practices. The data is typified in order to be naturally saved in Redux’s storage in a map with the format type → map of objects.

There are things to consider, though. First, it should be noted that storing the types of data objects “data” and “included” as two separate entitles in the Redux store can violate Redux best practices, as the same data objects would be stored more than once.

To solve these problems, we can use the main features of json-api-normalizer, such as:

  • Merge data and included fields, normalizing the data.
  • Collections are converted into maps in a form of a id=> object.
  • The response’s original structure is stored in a special meta

First, in order to solve problems with redundant structures and circular dependencies, the introduction of the distinction of data and included data objects in the JSON API specification is needed. Second, there is a constant update on data in Redux, although gradually, that can help with the performance improvement.

 Now that you know why JSON API works best with Redux, it can be concluded that this approach can assist us in prototyping a lot faster and flexible with changes to the data model. If you are in doubt whether using Redux with JSON API or not, this article will help you find the solution and reason why you shouldn’t doubt this method.